Surrogacy is the process by which a woman bears a child for parents who are unable to have children. Gay couples can also be intended parents because surrogacy is an option for couples of the same or different gender.
Most gay couples choose surrogacy to expand their family because adoption is more difficult to obtain. The second main reason gay couples choose surrogacy is that they can have a child with their own or desired genetic traits.
Surrogacy for Gay Couples Includes the Following Factors and Considerations:
- Gestational Surrogacy:
The embryo in gestational surrogacy is formed by fertilizing sperm and egg from the father and egg, respectively. The fertilized embryo is then transferred to the surrogate mother’s womb. The surrogate mother is not genetically related to the child in this type of surrogacy, but the child shares the genetic traits of the intended father and egg donor.
- Genetic Surrogacy:
In genetic surrogacy, conception occurs by taking the sperm of one partner and fertilizing it with the surrogate mother’s egg. The surrogate mother is genetically related to the child in genetic surrogacy, and the child inherits genetic characteristics from both the surrogate mother and the intended father.
Is It Possible in Surrogacy to Have Genetic Characteristics From Both Fathers?
All homosexual or heterosexual couples desire genetic parenthood, and every intended parent wishes to pass on hereditary characteristics to their child. However, some parents cannot participate in the surrogacy process for various reasons, including lower sperm count in males and any fertilization issues in female gametes.
Similarly, if both fathers in a gay couple want to have genetic parenthood, their sperm can be taken and blended to fertilize the egg of a donor or surrogate mother.
Another method for achieving genetic parenthood is for one father to provide sperm for the first child and the other to provide sperm for the second attempt.
For arriving at any decision concerning, the type of surrogacy and genetic parenthood following factors should be considered:
- Parental Age
The father, who is the intended parent, should be between 18 to 39 or 18 to 34. The age of a surrogate mother should be 25 to 35 years.
- Health Condition
Several health examinations can ensure a healthy and disease-free physique for both the intended father and surrogate mother. Urine and blood test are done to check for diseases and HIV infection.
- Semen Testing
Semen testing helps in detecting the quality of sperm and sperm count, and it also helps in determining the mobility of the sperm.
- Genetic Testing
Through blood sample testing, it is possible to detect the genetic condition of the intended parents and surrogates. This test is essential to avoid genetically transmitted diseases.
- Medical History of Family
Both sperm providers and egg donors must provide a detailed medical history of the family. The family medical history helps in determining the presence of hereditary disease.
Rite Options has made surrogacy for gay partners more accessible and easier to create a happy and healthy family. They provide a compatible and wholesome surrogate mother to give birth to a healthy child. For a successful surrogacy, the intended parent and surrogate mother must qualify for all these tests. Giving birth and raising a child is of great concern, so for the well-being of intended parents, surrogate mother, and child, various physical, mental, genetic, and psychological examinations are carried out to rule out any issues and proceed with a safe and healthy process.